Keeps bones and joints in the correct alignment so that muscles are being used properly.
Helps decrease the abnormal wearing of joint surfaces.
Decreases the stress on the ligaments holding the joints of the spine together.
Prevents the spine from becoming fixed in abnormal positions.
Prevents fatigue because muscles are being used more efficiently, allowing the body to use less energy.
Prevents backache and muscular pain.
Contributes to a good appearance.
A bad posture or slouching posture is unable to optimally distribute weight across the body framework, and hence is ineffective. Poor work/study/resting posture at computer screens, desks and watching TV leads to spinal stiffness and gradual restriction in certain areas of the spine whilst other joints are overused causing disc damage.
psychological factors, low self-esteem, shyness , tallness
spinal developmental and degenerative processes
neck and back pain leading to muscle guarding and avoidance postures
compensatory scoliosis (lateral spinal curvature) caused by a shorter leg or pelvic joint subluxation with muscle imbalance and spasms
excess weight causing sway-back , rounded middle-back, forward poking neck leading to spinal disc damage and nerve compressions (shoulder /arm pain and sciatica)
A patient's postural faults must be accurately diagnosed before they can be effectively corrected. Examination and diagnosis includes the following:
observation of the patient as they sit and move .
spinal segmental palpation then alignment
muscle length and strength tests